Horizon Scan of Electronic Health Record Databases

    Basic Details
    Date Posted
    Tuesday, April 7, 2020
    Status
    In progress
    Description

    To address the Real-World Evidence (RWE) Data Enterprise mandate, the FDA has tasked the Sentinel Innovation Center (IC) and Sentinel Operations Center (SOC) with establishing a query-ready, quality-checked distributed data network containing electronic health records (EHRs) for at least 10 million lives with reusable analysis tools. A key first step in establishing such a network is identifying and assessing potential partners that could contribute the necessary data for this system. These potential partners could include existing Data, Expansion, and Innovation Partners as well as data sources not currently included in Sentinel.

    The purpose of this project is twofold:

    In the first phase of this project, the workgroup aims to develop and implement a horizon scan and series of interviews to:

    1. Identify EHR sources and registries 
    2. Conduct initial feasibility assessments of these potential partners for enhancing the Sentinel System

    In the second phase of this project, the workgroup aims to conduct empirical queries in three of the most promising EHR databases identified and recommended from phase 1. These queries will be used to inform planning of the data expansion process and will be designed to:

    1. Better understand the data available from each potential partner
    2. Evaluate the potential partners’ processes and readiness to perform the queries
    3. Identify potential barriers to integrating the potential partners into the Sentinel System

    The horizon scan will ensure a thorough search of US EHR resources with a particular focus on identifying and evaluating potential sources of data on pediatric, cancer, and pregnancy/birth outcomes, as well as cause of death data. Furthermore, the horizon scan will consider EHR data sources that will be useful to address questions related to future COVID-like outbreaks.

    Workgroup Leader(s)

    Joshua Gagne, PharmD, ScD; Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

    Jeffery Brown, PhD; Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

    Workgroup Member(s)

    Keith Marsolo, PhD; Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC

    Michael Matheny, MD, MS, MPH; Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Biomedical Informatics, Nashville, TN

    Shamika More, MS; Sebastian Schneeweiss, MD, ScD; Winnie Ho, BA; Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

    David Carrell, PhD; Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, WA

    Adee Kennedy, MS, MPH; Jennifer Lyons, PhD; Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

    Robert Ball, MD, MPH; Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD